US made the mistakes in 1955 & same mistakes today chasing Chinese scientists back to China

Qian Xuesen – Father of China’s Rocket and Space Program. To use my knowledge to change Chinese people destiny – I want Chinese people to possess her own nuclear bomb and missles despite the controversy – I personally think – We are preparing against aggression*** – not owning a sword and has a sword and not using it is an entirely different matter.”

***United States “China containment policy” since 1949, known as “Asia Pivot” or “Freedom of Navigation” since Obama Administration is to engage in provocation activities in China’s territorial water or at China’s door steps to stop China’s rise

Qian Xuesen 钱学森: “用我的知識來改變中國人的命運 – 我想中國人擁有她自己的核彈和飛彈 – 儘管它的存在性帶來質疑和爭議 – 我個人認為 – 我們正準備反抗侵略 – 手上沒有劍和手上有劍而不使用它 不是一回事. 美國自1949年以來圍堵中國政䇿,從奧巴馬總統行政時代稱亞洲再平衡也稱自由航行,目的是在中國領海或國家門前進行挑釁阻止中國崛起。

Qian Xuesen 钱学森 The Movie 钱学森 Hsue-shen Tsien 高清国语中英双字

Qian Xuesen 钱学森 – Father of China’s Rocket and Space Program

Qian Xuesen (simplified Chinese: 钱学森; traditional Chinese: 錢學森; pinyin: Qián Xuésēn; Wade–Giles: Ch’ien Hsüeh-sęn) (11 December 1911 – 31 October 2009) was a scientist who made important contributions to the missile and space programs of both the United States and People’s Republic of China. Historical documents in the U. S. commonly refer to him with the earlier family-name last spelling, Hsue-Shen Tsien or H.S. Tsien.[1]

During the 1940s Qian was one of the founders of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory[2] at the California Institute of Technology. During the Second Red Scare of the 1950s, the United States government accused Qian of having communist sympathies, and he was stripped of his security clearance[3] in 1950. Qian then decided to return to China, but instead was detained at Terminal Island[4] near Los Angeles. After spending 5 years under virtual house arrest,[5] Qian was released in 1955, in exchange for the repatriation of American pilots captured during the Korean War. Notified by U.S. authorities that he was free to go, Qian immediately arranged his departure, leaving for China in September 1955, on the passenger liner SS President Cleveland of American President Lines, via Hong Kong. He returned to lead the Chinese rocket program, and became known as the “Father of Chinese Rocketry” (or “King of Rocketry”).[6]

He is also the cousin of the mechanical engineer Hsue-Chu Tsien and his son (first cousin once removed) is the 2008 Nobel Prize in chemistry winner Roger Y. Tsien. Asteroid 3763 Qianxuesen and the ill-fated space ship Tsien in the science fiction novel 2010: Odyssey Two are named after him.

Early life and education

Qian Xuesen (Wade–Giles: Ch’ien Hsüeh-sęn) was born in Hangzhou, the capital of Zhejiang province, 180 km southwest of Shanghai. He left Hangzhou at the age of three, when his father obtained a post in the Ministry of Education in Beijing. Qian graduated from Chiao Tung University (now spelled Jiao Tong) in Shanghai in 1934 and received a degree in mechanical engineering, with an emphasis on railroad administration; he then spent an internship at Nanchang Air Force Base. In August 1935 Qian left China on a Boxer Rebellion Indemnity Scholarship to study mechanical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and earned a Master of Science degree from MIT a year later.

While at MIT he was influenced by the methods of American engineering education, and its focus on experimentation. Qian’s experiments included the plotting of plot pressures, using mercury filled manometers. (By contrast, most engineers in China at this time were not the “hands on” type; instead, theoretical studies were preferred.) Qian sought a school where his mathematical skills would be appreciated, and went to the California Institute of Technology to pursue his studies under Theodore von Kármán. Qian earned his doctorate from Caltech in 1939 with a thesis on slender body theory at high speeds. He would remain on the Caltech faculty until his departure for China in 1955, becoming the Robert H. Goddard Professor of Jet Propulsion in 1949, and establishing a reputation as one of the leading rocket scientists in the United States.[7]

It was shortly after arriving at Caltech in 1936 that Qian was attracted to the rocketry ideas of Frank Malina, other students of von Kármán, and their associates, including Jack Parsons. Around Caltech the dangerous and explosive nature of their work earned them the nickname “Suicide Squad.”[7]

Career in the United States

In 1943, Qian and two others in the Caltech rocketry group drafted the first document to use the name Jet Propulsion Laboratory; it was a proposal to the Army for developing missiles in response to Germany’s V-2 rocket. This led to the Private A, which flew in 1944, and later the Corporal, the WAC Corporal, and other designs.

After World War II he served under von Kármán as a consultant to the United States Army Air Force, and commissioned with the assimilated rank of colonel. Von Kármán and Tsien both were sent by the Army to Germany to investigate the progress of wartime aerodynamics research. Qian investigated research facilities and interviewed German scientists including Wernher von Braun and Rudolph Hermann.[8] Von Kármán wrote of Qian, “At the age of 36, he was an undisputed genius whose work was providing an enormous impetus to advances in high-speed aerodynamics and jet propulsion.”[2] The American journal Aviation Week & Space Technology would name Qian its Person of the Year in 2007, and comment on his interrogation of von Braun, “No one then knew that the father of the future U.S. space program was being quizzed by the father of the future Chinese space program.”[9]

During this time, Colonel Qian worked on designing an intercontinental space plane. His work would inspire the X-20 Dyna-Soar, which itself would later influence the development of the American Space Shuttle.

Qian Xuesen married Jiang Ying (蒋英), a famed opera singer and the daughter of Jiang Baili (蒋百里) and his wife, Japanese nurse Satô Yato. The elder Jiang was a military strategist and adviser to Kuomintang leader Chiang Kai-shek. The Qians were married on September 14, 1947 in Shanghai, and would have two children; their son Qian Yonggang was born in Boston on October 13, 1948, while their daughter Qian Yungjen was born in early 1950, when the family was residing in Pasadena.[10]

Shortly after his wedding, Qian returned to America, to take up a teaching position at MIT; Jiang Ying would join him in December 1947.[11] In 1949, upon the recommendation of von Kármán, Qian became the first director of the Daniel and Florence Guggenheim Jet Propulsion Center at Caltech.[7]


In 1949,when he was applying for naturalization[12], allegations were made that he was a communist, and his security clearance was revoked in June 1950.[5] The Federal Bureau of Investigation located an American Communist Party document from 1938 with his name on it, and used it as justification for the revocation. Without clearance, Qian found himself unable to pursue his career, and within two weeks announced plans to return to mainland China, which had come under the government of Communist leader Mao Zedong. After Qian’s plans became known, the U.S. government detained him at Terminal Island, an isolated U.S. Navy facility and federal prison near the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach. The Undersecretary of the Navy at the time, Dan A. Kimball, tried to keep Qian in the U.S., commenting:

“It was the stupidest thing this country ever did. He was no more a Communist than I was, and we forced him to go.”[3]

Release and exile

Qian became the subject of five years of secret diplomacy and negotiation between the U.S. and China. During this time he lived under constant surveillance with the permission to teach without any research (classified) duties.[5] Qian found himself in conflict with both the FBI and the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, and at one point was arrested for allegedly smuggling secret documents out of the US; these ultimately turned out to be simple logarithmic tables. During his incarceration, Qian received support from his colleagues at Caltech, including the institute’s president Lee DuBridge, who flew to Washington to argue Qian’s case. Caltech appointed attorney Grant Cooper to defend Qian. Later, Cooper would say, “That the government permitted this genius, this scientific genius, to be sent to Communist China to pick his brains is one of the tragedies of this century.”[13]

Career in China

Qian, exiled to China, had a successful career there, leading and becoming the father of the Chinese missile program with the construction of China’s Dongfeng ballistic missiles and the Long March space rockets. A book about this scientist’s life was written by Iris Chang, entitled Thread of the Silkworm.

Return to China

In 1979 Qian was awarded Caltech’s Distinguished Alumni Award. In the early 1990s the filing cabinets containing Qian’s research work were offered to him by Caltech. Most of these works became the foundation for the Qian Library at Xi’an Jiaotong University while the rest went to the Institute of Mechanics. Qian eventually received his award from Caltech, and with the help of his friend Frank Marble brought it to his home in a widely-covered ceremony. Qian was also invited to visit the US by AIAA after the normalization of Sino-US relationship, but he refused the invitation, having wanted a formal apology for his detention. In a 2002 published reminiscence, Marble stated that he believed that Qian had “lost faith in the American government” but that he had “always had very warm feelings for the American people.”[14]

Qian retired in 1991 and maintained a low public profile in Beijing, China.

The PRC government launched its manned space program in 1992 with much help from Russia (due to their extended history in space) and used Qian’s research as the basis for the Long March rocket which successfully launched the Shenzhou V mission in October 2003. The elderly Qian was able to watch China’s first manned space mission on television from his hospital bed.
Science fiction author Arthur C. Clarke, in his novel 2010: Odyssey Two, named a Chinese spaceship after him.

Later life

In his later years, since the 1980s, Qian advocated scientific investigation of traditional Chinese medicine, Qigong and “special human body functions”. Some people claim that Qian actually did not spend his effort[clarification needed] on qigong, but that he just expressed that people should consider the widely practiced qigong in a scientific manner. He particularly encouraged scientists to accumulate observational data on qigong for the establishment of future theories.[15]

From the early 1980s he studied in a number of areas, and created systematics, contributed on science and technology system and somatic science, thinking science, natural sciences, engineering science, literature and art, military science, systems science, geography science, social science, and education.

Advanced the concepts, theory and method on system science: open complex giant system, from qualitative to quantitative integration of Hall for Workshop of comprehensive and integrated system,[16][17] and opened up a Chinese school of the Science of Complexity. Organizated scientific seminars and train successors.[18]

In 2008, he was named Aviation Week and Space Technology Person of the Year. This selection is not intended as an honour but is given to the person judged to have the greatest impact on aviation in the past year.[2][19]

In 2008, China Central Television named Qian as one of the eleven most inspiring people in China.[20] He died at the age of 97 on October 31, 2009 in Beijing.[21][22]

In July 2009, the Omega Alpha Association named Qian (H. S. Tsien) one of four Honorary Members in the international systems engineering honor society.[23]

A Chinese film production 钱学森 预告片 (陈坤主演) Qian Xue Sen directed by Zhang Jianya stars Zhang Tielin as Qian Xue to be release on 11 December 2011 in both Asia and North America.


November 1, 2009

Qian Xuesen dies at 98; rocket scientist helped establish Jet Propulsion Laboratory By Claire Noland

Qian Xuesen, seen in 1948, a Chinese-born aeronautical engineer educated at Caltech and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, was credited with leading China to launch intercontinental ballistic missiles, Silkworm anti-ship missiles, weather and reconnaissance satellites and to put a human in space in 2003. (Associated Press)

Deported in 1955 on suspicion of being a Communist, the aeronautical engineer educated at Caltech became known as the father of China’s space and missile programs.

Qian Xuesen, a former Caltech rocket scientist who helped establish the Jet Propulsion Laboratory before being deported in 1955 on suspicion of being a Communist and who became known as the father of China’s space and missile programs, has died. He was 98.

Qian, also known as Tsien Hsue-shen, died Saturday in Beijing, China’s state news agency reported. The cause was not given.

Honored in his homeland for his “eminent contributions to science,” Qian was credited with leading China to launch intercontinental ballistic missiles, Silkworm anti-ship missiles, weather and reconnaissance satellites and to put a human in space in 2003.

The man deemed responsible for these technological feats also was labeled a spy in the 1999 Cox Report issued by Congress after an investigation into how classified information had been obtained by the Chinese.

Qian, a Chinese-born aeronautical engineer educated at Caltech and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, was a protege of Caltech’s eminent professor Theodore von Karman, who recognized him as an outstanding mathematician and “undisputed genius.”

Qian’s research contributed to the development of “jet-assisted takeoff” technology that the military began using in the 1940s.

He was the founding director of the Daniel and Florence Guggenheim Jet Propulsion Center at Caltech and a member of the university’s so-called Suicide Squad of rocket experimenters who laid the groundwork for testing done by JPL.

But his brilliant career in the United States came to a screeching halt in 1950, when the FBI accused him of being a member of a subversive organization. Qian packed up eight crates of belongings and set off for Shanghai, saying he and his wife and two young children wanted to visit his aging parents back home. Federal agents seized the containers, which they claimed contained classified materials, and arrested him on suspicion of subversive activity.

Qian denied any Communist leanings, rejected the accusation that he was trying to spirit away secret information and initially fought deportation. He later changed course, however, and sought to return to China.

Five years after his arrest, he was shipped off in an apparent exchange for 11 American airmen captured during the Korean War.

“I do not plan to come back,” Qian told reporters. “I have no reason to come back. . . . I plan to do my best to help the Chinese people build up the nation to where they can live with dignity and happiness.”

Welcomed as a national hero in China, where the Communist regime had defeated the Nationalist forces, Qian became director of China’s rocket research and was named to the Central Committee of the Communist Party. China, whose scientific development lagged during the Communist revolution, quickly began making strides.

Qian was born in the eastern city of Hangzhou, and in 1934 graduated from Jiaotong University in Shanghai, where he studied mechanical engineering. He won a scholarship to MIT and, after earning a master’s degree in aeronautical engineering there, continued his doctoral studies at Caltech.

He taught at MIT and Caltech and, having received a security clearance, served on the Scientific Advisory Board that advised the U.S. military during and after World War II.

Sent to Germany to interrogate Nazi scientists, Qian interviewed rocket scientist Wernher von Braun. As the trade magazine Aviation Week put it in 2007, upon naming Qian its person of the year, “No one then knew that the father of the future U.S. space program was being quizzed by the father of the future Chinese space program.”

Qian returned to Caltech in 1949 and a year later faced the accusation by two former members of the Los Angeles Police Department’s “Red Squad” that he was a card-carrying member of the Communist Party.

He admitted that while a graduate student in the 1930s he had been present at social gatherings organized by colleagues who also were accused of party membership, but he denied any political involvement.

Few can agree on the question of whether Qian was a spy. An examination of the papers Qian packed away failed to turn up any classified documents. Colleagues at Caltech firmly stood behind him, and he continued to do research there after he lost his security clearance. In fact, the university gave him its distinguished alumni award in 1979 in recognition of his pioneering work in rocket science.

Although federal officials started deportation procedures in 1950, he was prevented from leaving the country because it was decided that he knew too much about sensitive military matters that could be of use to an enemy.

For years, Qian was in a sort of limbo, being watched closely by the U.S. government and living under partial house arrest. Eventually he quit fighting his expulsion and actively worked to return to China. Some associates said that he was insulted because his loyalty to this country was questioned and that he initially wanted to clear his name.

Once he returned home in 1955, he threw himself into his research with what some saw as calculated revenge.

“It was the stupidest thing this country ever did,” former Navy Secretary Dan Kimball later said, according to Aviation Week. “He was no more a Communist than I was, and we forced him to go.”

Qian survived the Cultural Revolution of the 1960s, when many Chinese intellectuals lost their positions, probably because his scientific research and development for military purposes was considered too vital to suspend.

He is said to have supported the government’s crushing of the rebellion in Tiananmen Square in 1989. And he never returned to the United States.

Information on survivors was not immediately available.


钱学森:历尽险阻报效祖国 火箭之王淡泊名誉,人民网,2009年10月31日.Accessed Oct. 31, 2009; (Chinese) 美国航空周刊2008年度人物:钱学森.网易探索(广州)(2009年10月31日). Accessed Nov. 11, 2009.

  1. a b c
  2. Chang, p109-117.
  3. Noland, Claire (2009-01-11). “Qian Xuesen dies at 98; rocket scientist helped establish Jet Propulsion Laboratory”. Los Angeles Times.
  4. Iris Chang, Thread of the Silkworm, p. 139 (wedding), p. 141 (birth of son), p. 153 (birth of daughter)
  5. Iris Chang, Thread of the Silkworm, p. 139-140
  7. Naval War College China’s Nuclear Force Modernization
  8. Tsien Revisited
  9. 钱学森:创建系统学(新世纪版),上海交通大学出版社
  10. 钱学森:论系统工程(新世纪版),上海交通大学出版社
  12. Hold Your Fire, Aviation Week and Space Technology, Vol. 168., No. 1, January 7, 2008, p. 8.
  13. Person of the Year, Aviation Week and Space Technology, Vol. 168., No. 12, March 24, 2008, p. 22
  14. “China’s “father of space technology” dies at 98″. Xinhua. 2009-10-31. Retrieved 2009-11-01.
  15. Noland, Claire (1 November 2009), Qian Xuesen dies at 98; rocket scientist helped establish Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Los Angeles Times


Chang, Iris (1995). Thread of the Silkworm. Perseus Books Group. ISBN 978-0-465-08716-7.
O’Donnell, Franklin (2002). JPL 101. California Institute of Technology. JPL 400-1048.
Harvey, Brian (2004). China’s Space Program: From Conception to Manned Spaceflight. Springer-Verlag. ISBN 978-1-85233-566-3.

钱学森(1911年12月11日-2009年10月31日),浙江杭州人,中国空气动力学家,中国科学院、中国工程院院士,中国两弹一星功勋奖章获得者之一。曾任美国麻省理工学院教授、加州理工学院教授,为中美两国的导弹和航天计划都曾作出过重大贡献。被誉为“中国航天之父”和“火箭之王”。[1][2] 曾担任中国人民政治协商会议第六、七、八届全国委员会副主席、中国科学技术协会名誉主席等职务。







中華人民共和國在1949年10月成立後,錢學森立即向美國移民局提出了入籍歸化的申請[10][11]。由于美國在1950年麦卡锡主义盛行,反共思想高涨,而FBI又从美国共产党的文件中发现钱学森曾与周恩来特使接触以及参加过共产党外围组织的一些活动。于是驳回其入籍申请,并禁止其参加机密工作。[12][13]钱学森无法继续他的研究。两星期后钱学森先告知學校其去中國探親數月之意願,學校並無異議且願意配合。但是當時海軍部次長丹·金波尔知道後,认为以錢學森涉及美軍機密工作之深,在當時中美蘇關係惡劣狀況之下,應設法勸阻其訪中為宜。联邦调查局仅凭钱学森早年參加過的共产党组织社交餐会出席人士名单,指控他在入籍申请中故意否认曾加入共产党外围组织不报。司法部藉“伪证”罪吊销他的机密工作许可并将他驱逐出境。[14] 美国司法部于于1950年8月30日將钱学森临时收押在特米诺岛(Terminal Island)的监狱里15天[15][16][17][18]。由于加州理工学院的不懈努力和抗争,錢學森很快被取保候審。为了避免被驱逐出境,钱学森重金聘請紐約市知名辯護律師Grant Cooper代表出庭,与美国移民局展开了长达5年的法庭鬥爭。[19] 金波尔知道司法部的行動後也表示震驚:“我的意思不是要逮捕他,太可怕了,他不是共产党,我们不应当监禁他。”[20]“这是这个国家干过的最蠢的事。他不是共產黨正如我不是共产党,而我们强迫他离开了。”[21] 錢學森的移民上訴案件直到1954年才被判敗訴。在上诉五年期间,錢學森只能涉及一些基础学科的研究与教学。聯調局认为钱学森所知的机密信息五年后就会变得过时而没有用处。他在这段时间里完成了工程控制论的研究。钱学森后来幽默地说,“不让我做研究,我会在这里(用手指头)发展”。在中美关系正常化后,钱獲頒傑出校友獎受到加州理工學院邀请,但卻因美政府遞解出境令仍然有效而無法入境。該獎項後於2001年由加州理工學院好友法蘭克·馬波教授及夫人送達錢學森家中(馬波教授於1955年錢學森離美時親自去洛杉矶港口送行)。[22] 航空週刊在提名錢學森為2007風雲人物的專文,對這段歷史的記述也大致吻合。


1955年,在中、美政府长达几个月的日内瓦双边会谈之后,钱学森被美国政府释放[23],用以交换在朝鲜战争中被俘的美国飞行员。9月17日,钱学森登上了美国总统轮船公司(American President Lines)的克利夫兰总统号(Pres. Cleveland)经香港于10月8日折返中国。



1999年美国国会考克斯报告(英语:Cox Report)(Cox Report)中专门有一节题为“钱学森在中国导弹与空间计划发展中的作用”[30],声称钱学森为“间谍”[27]。钱学森传记作者张纯如对这一指控予以了驳斥[31]。


钱学森在1958年大跃进时,自己不是农业家,也并没有认真具体去试验,自己也没有百分之百地种出亩产万斤,而是在假设,在《中国青年报》将他在一次“科学与人文”座谈会上的讲话与在《知识就是力量》杂志发表的《农业中的力学问题——亩产万斤不是问题》[33] 的文章整理成《粮食亩产会有多少?》发表[34][35],文章中表示“农业生产的最终极限决定于每年单位面积上的太阳光能”:假设植物光合作用30%的效率可以达到,并假设植物中的1/5能转换为可吃的粮食,认为只要必需的水利、肥料、劳力等等条件能满足,那么粮食产量的不断提高是没有问题的,甚至可达到“2000斤的20多倍”。有人认为,这些论述为“放卫星”提供了“科学论证”,并影响了最高决策[36]。李銳《反思大躍進》曾記載田家英問毛澤東:“你也不是沒當過農民,你應當知道畝產萬斤是不可能的。”毛澤東說:“這是我看了大科學家錢學森的文章,才相信的。”钱学森后来辩解称他所提出的产量数字明确指“计算的单位面积年产量,无论粮食或是木材都是理想的极限量。要接近这个指标,必须解决”一系列问题。[13]

钱学森在1993年给友人的一封信中进一步辩解,“如百分之百地用空气中的CO2和从根吸取的水合成碳水化合物,则每亩地每年有190-320吨。光合作用的能量效率可达50%,而粮粒只占全部产物的1/3,故理想最高年亩产是32-53吨。说亩产万斤,才5吨,远远小于理想数。”并认为充分发挥科学技术的力量是能够实现的。[35] 钱学森是我国航天事业的奠基人,也是享誉海内外的杰出科学家。但他在专业之外的一些见解,有的很有争议,甚至遭到激烈的批评。其中最突出的,大概就是被视为1958年浮夸风“推手”的所谓“万斤亩”公案了。本文作者叶永烈先生在为钱学森写作传记时,采访了诸多当事人,详细考证了这段公案的来龙去脉,得出了自己的一家之言:钱学森早在人民日报放第一颗“高产卫星”之前,就已开始研究粮食亩产问题,发表了若干篇文章,但他的研究只是针对农业发展远景所做的科学展望或理论推算,将钱学森的理论推算与“高产卫星”联系起来、引起毛泽东注意的,是中国青年报发表的一篇文章,但这篇文章并非钱学森亲笔所写。在调查过程中,钱学森之子钱永刚教授向作者提供了钱学森保存的关于“万斤亩”的剪报以及1993年钱学森谈论“万斤亩”的一封从未公开发表的信件,这封信表明,钱学森一直到1993年仍然坚持他当年对粮食亩产的推算。今揭载于此,以飨读者。




Tsien HS. Two-dimensional subsonic flow of compressible fluids // Aeronaut. Sci. 1939
Von Karman T, Tsien HS. The buckling of thin cylindrical shells under axial compression. J Aeronaut Sci 1941
Tsien, HS. Symmetrical Joukowsky Airfoils in shear flow. Q. Appl. Math.1943
Tsien, HS. On the Design of the Contraction Cone for a Wind Tunnel. J. Aeronaut. Sci., 10, 68-70, 1943
Von Karman, T. and Tsien, HS. Lifting- line Theory for a Wing in Nonuniform Flow. Quarterly of Applied Mathematics, Vol. 3, 1945
Tsien, HS. Similarity laws of hypersonic flows. J. Math. Phys. 25, 247-251, (1946).
Tsien, HS , and Kuo, YH , “Two-Dimensional Irrotational. Mixed Subsonic and Supersonic Flow of a Compressible Fluid and the Upper Critical Mach dumber”, NACA Technical Note No. 495, 1946
Tsien, HS. Rockets and Other Thermal Jets Using Nuclear Energy”, The Science and Engineering of Nuclear Power, Addison-Wesley Vol.11, 1949
Tsien, HS. The transfer functions of rocket nozzles. J. Am. Rocket Soc, 1952
Tsien, HS. Take-Off from Satellite Journal of the American. Rocket Society, Vol. 23, No. 4, 1953
Tsien, HS. The Poincare-Lighthill-Kuo Method, Advances in Appl. Mech. 1956
Tsien, HS. The equations of gas dynamics. 1958
钱学森,于景元,戴汝为. 一个科学新领域–开放的复杂巨系统及其方法论. 自然杂志. 1990 (1).


Engineering Cybernetics,Tsien, H. S. McGraw Hill, 1954
Tsien, H.S. Technische Kybernetik, Übersetzt von Dr. H. Kaltenecker, Berliner Union Stuttgart 1957
工程控制论.科学出版社. 1956. ISBN 9787110011966
工程控制论(第2版).科学出版社. 1980. ISBN 9787110011966
工程控制论(第3版).科学出版社, 2011. ISBN 9787030300942
钱学森论火箭导弹和航空航天.科学出版社, 2011.
钱学森现代军事科学思想.科学出版社, 2011.
钱学森论系统科学(讲话).科学出版社, 2011.
现代科学技术体系总体框架的探索.科学出版社, 2011.
社会工程学.科学出版社, 2011.
地理科学与现代科学技术体系.科学出版社, 2011.
钱学森哲学思想.科学出版社, 2011.
钱学森思维科学.科学出版社, 2011.
马克思主义哲学与现代科学技术.科学出版社, 2011.
人体复杂系统科学探索.科学出版社, 2011.
系统论—还原论与整体论的辨证统一.科学出版社, 2011.
创建系统学。山西科学技术出版社,2001. ISBN 9787537719483
创建系统学(新世纪版).上海交通大学出版社, 2007. ISBN 9787313045928
气体动力学诸方程. 1966.
星际航行概论. 1966.
星际航行概论。中国宇航出版社, 2008. ISBN 9787802184398
物理力学讲义. 1962.
物理力学讲义(新世纪版).上海交通大学出版社,2007. ISBN 9787313048769
从飞机导弹说到生产过程的自动化. 1959.
论系统工程。湖南科学技术出版社, 1982. ISBN 9787535704122
论系统工程(新世纪版).上海交通大学出版社, 2007. ISBN 9787313045898
钱学森文集. 1991
论人体科学与现代科技。上海交通大学出版社, 1998. ISBN 9787313016010
钱学森手稿。山西教育出版社,2000. ISBN 9787544022262
水动力学讲义手稿.上海交通大学出版社, 2007. ISBN 9787313041999
钱学森书信(1-10卷).国防工业出版社, 2007. ISBN 9787118046205
钱学森书信选(上、下卷).国防工业出版社, 2008. ISBN 9787118056457


  1. 钱学森:历尽险阻报效祖国 火箭之王淡泊名誉. 人民网. 2009-10-31 [2009-10-31].
  2. 美国航空周刊2008年度人物:钱学森. 网易探索(广州). 2009-10-31 [2009-11-01].
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 钱学森:从美国空军上校到中国导弹之父. 扬子晚报网 [2009-11-02] (简体中文).
  4. 点滴往事追思钱学森 钱学敏不喊哥哥叫他钱老. 人民网·天津视窗 [2009-11-02] (简体中文).
  5. 钱学森:从美国空军上校到中国导弹之父. 网易 [2009-10-25] (简体中文).
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 钱学森生平精选图集. 新华网 [2009-11-02] (简体中文).
  7. 组图:记者探访钱学森杭州故居“方谷园2号”. 人民网 [2009-10-31] (简体中文).
  8. 钱学森:我姓钱,但我不爱钱. 中国新闻网 [2009-11-02] (简体中文).
  10. Perrett, B. (January 7, 2008), Sea Change, Aviation Week and Space Technology, Vol. 168, No. 1, p.57-61.
  11. 江苏技术师范学院. 物理学家钱学森. 江苏技术师范学院 [2012-4-1].
  12. 李鸣生. 走出地球村. 福建人民出版社. 1997. ISBN 9787211028382.
  13. 13.0 13.1 关于钱学森,有几件事你未必知道. 人文与社会 [2009-11-03] (简体中文).
  14. Ruth Williams. Roger Tsien: Bringing color to cell biology. Rockefeller University Press [2010-12-23].
  15. 15.0 15.1 中国航天之父钱学森逝世. 南方周末 [2009-11-05] (简体中文).
  16. Tsien
  17. Perrett, B. (January 7, 2008), Sea Change, Aviation Week and Space Technology, Vol. 168, No. 1, p.57-61.
  18. Ranger:关于钱学森,有几件事你未必知道. 人文与社会 [2009-11-05] (简体中文).
  19. Naval War College China’s Nuclear Force Modernization
  20. Judith Goodstein, California Institute of Technology Oral History Project, “Interview with Lee A. DuBridge, Part II”, p. 31-35, 1981
  21. 虽然从来找不到外国文献出处,中国的文献却普遍认为金波尔说的是“他抵得上5个师(或海军陆战师),我宁可把他枪毙了,也不能放他回国”。Perrett, B. (January 7, 2008), Sea Change, Aviation Week and Space Technology, Vol. 168, No. 1, p.57-61.
  22. Frank Marble, “Tsien Revisited”, Caltech News, v.36, No.1, 2002
  23. 吕春. 钱学森归国始末:周恩来巧妙利用外交手段. 中国新闻网(转自中国政协报). 2009年05月07日 [2009年11月5日] (简体中文).
  24. Theodore von Karman and Lee Edson The Wind and Beyond:Theodore von Karman, Chapter 38, Dr Tsien of Red China
  25. 钱学森塑像在中国科大落成. 中国科学技术大学 [2009-11-02] (简体中文).
  26. 金振蓉、刘新武、齐芳. 中国“航天之父”钱学森逝世. 人民网 [2009-10-31] (简体中文).
  27. 27.0 27.1 Claire Noland. OBITUARY: Qian Xuesen dies at 98; rocket scientist helped establish Jet Propulsion Laboratory. 洛杉矶时报 [2009-11-01] (英文).
  28. Tsien Hsue-Shen Dies. Caltech Today [2009-11-02] (英文).
  29. 传记作家称钱学森未被授予过中将军衔. 大洋网. 2009-11-03 [2009-11-03].
  31. ‘Rape of Nanking’ Author Denounces Cox Report
  32. 关于中科院力学所怀柔试验基地被非法拆毁的严正声明. 中国科学院力学研究所 [2010-07-23] (简体中文).
  33. 钱学森. 农业中的力学问题. 知识就是力量. 1959 (8-9月合刊).
  34. 錢學森. 糧食畝產會有多少?. 中國青年報. 1958年6月16日.
  35. 35.0 35.1 叶永烈. 钱学森“万斤亩”公案始末. 南方周末. 2011-03-02 [2011-03-07].
  36. 吴晓波. 钱学森,你的伟大只欠一个道歉. 南方报网 [2009-10-31] (简体中文).
  37. 中国特异功能20年

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